Kings c.323-30 BC.
    The Ptolemies ruled Egypt from the accession of *Ptolemy I to the death of *Cleopatra VII and the fall of the country to Rome in 30 BC.
    Ptolemy I, the general whom *Alexander the Great left in charge of Egypt, was also Macedonian in origin, and he and his successors imposed Hellenistic culture on Egypt: large numbers of *Greeks came to settle in Egypt and the Greek language and customs of the conquerors became predominant, although the native population continued with their own language and traditions. Alexandria, the city founded by *Alexander the Great, became the capital and a great centre of culture and intellectualism, and other Greek cities were established throughout Egypt.
    Nevertheless, it was essential that the Ptolemies should uphold the tradition that they were pharaohs, and thus they built or reconstructed great temples to the Egyptian gods in which the wall-scenes show them as kings of Egypt, making offerings and doing obeisance to the native deities. This gave them the religious legitimacy to rule the country, but they used this power to impose heavy taxes and drain the natural resources; not surprisingly native opposition to the Ptolemies flared up on two occasions (208-186 BC and 88-86 BC) in the district around Thebes.
BIBL. Fraser, P.M. Ptolemaic Alexandria. Oxford: 1972; Bevan, E. A History of Egypt under the Ptolemaic Dynasty. London: 1927.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cup of the Ptolemies — Front Back …   Wikipedia

  • Ptolemaic Kingdom — Infobox Former Country conventional long name = Ptolemaic Kingdom common name = Ptolemaic Kingdom continent = Africa region = Mediterranean country = Egypt government type = Monarchy p1 = Macedon s1 = History of Roman Egypt year start = 305 BC… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Ptolemaic Egypt — Ptolemaic Egypt began when Ptolemy I Soter declared himself Pharaoh of Egypt in 305 BC and ended with the death of queen Cleopatra of Egypt and the Roman conquest in 30 BC. The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a powerful Hellenistic state, extending from… …   Wikipedia

  • Egypt, ancient — Introduction  civilization in northeastern Africa dating from the 3rd millennium BC. Its many achievements, preserved in its art and monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds expose its secrets. This article… …   Universalium

  • Ptolemaic dynasty — The Ptolemaic dynasty (sometimes also known as the Lagids, from the name of Ptolemy I s father, Lagus) was a Hellenistic Macedonian royal family which ruled the Ptolemaic Empire in Egypt for nearly 300 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC.Ptolemy, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Ancient Egypt — was an ancient civilization in eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern nation of Egypt. The civilization began around 3150 BC [Only after 664 BC are dates secure. See Egyptian… …   Wikipedia

  • Cleopatra VII — Cleopatra redirects here. For other uses, see Cleopatra (disambiguation). Cleopatra VII Philopator …   Wikipedia

  • Ptolemy Apion — or simply known as Apion (Greek: Πτολεμαίος ο Απίων, between 150 BC 145 BC 96 BC) was the last Greek Cyrenaean King and was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy in descent was Greek Macedonian and native Egyptian. His second name ’Apion’ is …   Wikipedia

  • Ptolemy (name) — The name Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus comes from the Greek Ptolemaios , which means warlike. There have been many people named Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus, the most famous of which are the Greek Egyptian astronomer Claudius Ptolemaeus and the Macedonian… …   Wikipedia

  • Mithridates III of Commagene — Mithridates III King of Commagene Reign 20 BC 12 BC (8 years) Predecessor Mithridates II Successor Antiochus III Spouse Princess Iotapa of Media Atropatene …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.